英文题目:Easy synthesis of dendrimer-like polymers through a divergent iterative “end-grafting” method

出版源:Polymer Chemistry , 2013 , 4 (3) :830-839

作者:本文第一作者为张和凤博士,本文通讯作者为何军坡教授;复旦大学高分子科学系&聚合物分子工程国家重点实验室

摘要:We report here an easy method for the synthesis of dendrimer-like polymers with high branching functionality (1 → 8). The synthetic process involves iterative grafting reactions in a divergent way. A multi-functional core containing short segments of polyisoprene (PI), either as a star-like block copolymer of isoprene and styrene or as a linear triblock copolymer of isoprene, styrene and isoprene (coded G1), is epoxidized on the double bonds and grafted with a living block copolymer, polyisoprene-b-polystyrenyllithium (PI-b-PSLi), again with a short PI segment, through the ring-opening reaction of oxirane by polymeric anions. The resulting graft polymer, G2, possesses a definite number of PI segments at the periphery. These PI segments are further epoxidized followed by the ring-opening addition of PI-b-PSLi, affording G3. Repeating the process leads to the synthesis of a dendrimer-like polystyrene up to 5th generation with a polydispersity lower than 1.21, as measured by SEC. A feature of the process is the easily accessible high chain density in the final product, although defects exist due to steric hindrance in the reactions of high generations. The solution properties of the dendritic products are investigated using viscometry and dynamic and static laser light scattering on the molecular conformation. The results support a compact globular conformation model for the dendrimer-like products. In addition, the chain density of the products from the star-like core is higher than that of products from a linear triblock core. AFMresults show that the dendritic products adopt flattened conformations and tend to form lateral sphere-like aggregates on mica substrate.

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